Motivation and Psychoanalysis:Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 21. 5
Motivation and Psychoanalysis:Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 21. 5
Psychoanalysis and Motivation: Joseph D. Lichtenberg
In Cold War Freud Dagmar Herzog uncovers the astonishing array of concepts of human selfhood which circulated across the globe in the aftermath of World War II. Against the backdrop of Nazism and the Holocaust, the sexual revolution, feminism, gay rights, and anticolonial and antiwar activism, she charts the heated battles which raged over Freud´s legacy. From the postwar US to Europe and Latin America, she reveals how competing theories of desire, anxiety, aggression, guilt, trauma and pleasure emerged and were then transformed to serve both conservative and subversive ends in a fundamental rethinking of the very nature of the human self and its motivations. Her findings shed new light on psychoanalysis´ enduring contribution to the enigma of the relationship between nature and culture, and the ways in which social contexts enter into and shape the innermost recesses of individual psyches.
This edition of the Great Mind series Françoise Dolto and Child Psychoanalysis has been revised, updated, and reformatted. It is about one of the greatest psychoanalysts the world has known. The author interviewed Françoise Dolto in 1986, after having visited La Maison Verte in Paris, a center Dr. Dolto had created for parents and children that mainly served to prepare children for greater lapses of time away from their parents and the early kindergarten experience. The interview took place in Dr. Dolto’s apartment at 260, rue Saint-Jacques, near the Panthéon, Paris. A long correspondence followed the meeting which was published, after Dr. Dolto’s death, with the author´s permission, by Gallimard Publishers, Paris, in 2005. The author reviews five of Françoise Dolto’s books, La Cause des Enfants (1985), Psychanalyse et Pédiatrie (1971), and three volumes of Dolto’s professional seminar on child psychoanalysis, Séminaire de Psychanalyse d’Enfants (1982, 1985, 1988). He tries to convey to the listener who is unfamiliar with psychoanalysis the basics for understanding the present book, and furthermore, stresses the uniqueness of Dr. Dolto’s approach to curing psychotic children - a feat that is unparalleled in human psychiatric history because psychosis was always held as incurable. The book retraces the fascinating way Françoise Dolto got to become an authority not only in psychiatry and psychoanalysis in France and worldwide but as a public figure of great renown in France while she is as good as unknown in the English speaking world. The motivation of the author was namely to break through this wall of silence and elucidate this particular audience about the genius of one of the greatest psychiatrists of our time, and of all times. He explains the stress that Françoise Dolto put upon children developing autonomy and the emotional detachment they experience from their parents with the liquidation of t 1. Language: English. Narrator: Peter Fritz Walter. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/127116/bk_acx0_127116_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
US psychologist Abraham Maslow´s 1943 essay ´´A Theory of Human Motivation´´ established his idea of humanistic psychology as a ´´third force´´ in the field. Sigmund Freud´s psychoanalysis developed the idea of understanding the mind through dialogue between patient and analyst. The behaviorism of Ivan Pavlov and John Watson focused on comprehending it through behaviors that can be measured, trained, and changed. Maslow, however, outlined a new approach to understanding the mind, saying humans are motivated by their need to satisfy a series of hierarchical needs, starting with the most essential first. He thought it important for the advancement of psychology to identify, group, and rank them in terms of priority. While Maslow´s psychological influence may have declined since his death in 1970, his most recognizable legacy is this concept of a ´´hierarchy of needs.´´ It remains highly significant in the fields of strategy, marketing, and management, where it is believed that his ideas can lead to higher productivity if applied to the running of organizations. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Macat.com. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/064329/bk_acx0_064329_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The following statement can be considered the main hypothesis that formed the basis of this article: all types of interpersonal relationships in the human community are built entirely on manipulation as a principle. We focus only on the study of unconscious motivations, as the true cause of human activity. And, when discussing true motivations that arise from the unconscious, we can state that they are fully determined by individual structure of psyche of a person. All true motives of an individual are fully determined by the content of his unconscious: that is-by individual archetypal pattern as the basis of an individual, where all needs and predilections of the individual are contained. Any kinds of contacts and attachments between people (friendship, romance, business, partnership, parent-child relationships) are based on manipulation of each other as an unconscious motivation. Consequently, the human community lives, develops, functions and is regulated on the basis of manipulation. And, if manipulation of one another by individuals is an effective way to quickly and qualitatively satisfy any kind of their needs in society, then it is fair to consider society as a community of manipulators and their subjects. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Fernando Castillo. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/085968/bk_acx0_085968_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The book discusses different aspects of measurement and assessment including the psychological interview and psychological test along with the role ethics can play among such a process. It is of importance when developing a new measure to incorporate one´s knowledge of statistics. The question of utility in diagnosis arises and of the utility of psychometrics and cultural competence to a test. A career/business assessment occurs along with an assessment of learning disability. An in-depth discussion occurs of the cognitive affective processing system (CAPS). The purpose of book one is to demonstrate the many functions, factors, and implements involved in the process of measurement and assessment. It is the influence of personality characteristics affecting our social and occupational choices. The development of personality characteristics occurs not during one but each developmental stage of the lifespan. This book discusses such theories as those belonging to Erik Erikson, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Sigmund Freud, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, among other theorists. The greatest focus among the book centers on Gordon Allport and Erich Fromm and his humanistic psychoanalysis. Fromm´s thesis is despite mankind being pulled apart from their union among one another by evolution, they continue to possess the power of reason. As ethics can represent an expansion into multiple domains, so too can the code of ethics as set forth by the American Psychological Association (APA). These principles of ethics guide the behavior of practicing psychologists among their profession. This set of ethical principles can act as a guide of behavior for individuals within multiple facets of life. The major principles to the Code of Ethics involve avoiding harm, practicing fairness, avoiding misrepresentation, providing fair access to treatment, and respecting the value and worth of all. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Steven G. Carley. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/033215/bk_acx0_033215_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
After reviewing our practical and theoretical research, and focusing on Jung´s theory as to the influence of the collective unconscious on individual human psyche, it would be essential to examine this issue from the standpoint of the psychology of individual distinctions. All suppositions presented here have brought us to a better understanding of contents of the unconscious sphere of human psyche. Even if we were to accept Jung´s theory of ´´dividing human psyche´´, we think it would be one´s personal unconscious, which contains very definite individual structure or system meant to define his personal psychological and physiological characteristics because the unconscious sphere of the psyche directly controls many physiological reactions. Personal unconscious should be able to tell everything of one´s personality by examining it not through collective values, but in the light of its individual archetypes. It should be able to explain everything about a person with respect to his individual perception of the world and of himself, his purpose, his behavior both in social and natural environments, his strategies and tactics, his way of thinking, his unconscious motivations, his needs, emotions, inclinations, preferences, meaning of his existence, etc. It is obvious that without finding individual archetypal patterns as the basis for human personality, solving any individual or social-collective problems would not be possible since any society consists of individuals, who constantly affect one another. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jose Gabriel Ramos Arteaga. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/087907/bk_acx0_087907_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.