Motivation and Psychoanalysis:Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 21. 5
Motivation and Psychoanalysis:Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 21. 5
Psychoanalysis and Motivation: Joseph D. Lichtenberg
The following statement can be considered the main hypothesis that formed the basis of this article: all types of interpersonal relationships in the human community are built entirely on manipulation as a principle. We focus only on the study of unconscious motivations, as the true cause of human activity. And, when discussing true motivations that arise from the unconscious, we can state that they are fully determined by individual structure of psyche of a person. All true motives of an individual are fully determined by the content of his unconscious: that is-by individual archetypal pattern as the basis of an individual, where all needs and predilections of the individual are contained. Any kinds of contacts and attachments between people (friendship, romance, business, partnership, parent-child relationships) are based on manipulation of each other as an unconscious motivation. Consequently, the human community lives, develops, functions and is regulated on the basis of manipulation. And, if manipulation of one another by individuals is an effective way to quickly and qualitatively satisfy any kind of their needs in society, then it is fair to consider society as a community of manipulators and their subjects. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Fernando Castillo. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/085968/bk_acx0_085968_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
US psychologist Abraham Maslow´s 1943 essay ´´A Theory of Human Motivation´´ established his idea of humanistic psychology as a ´´third force´´ in the field. Sigmund Freud´s psychoanalysis developed the idea of understanding the mind through dialogue between patient and analyst. The behaviorism of Ivan Pavlov and John Watson focused on comprehending it through behaviors that can be measured, trained, and changed. Maslow, however, outlined a new approach to understanding the mind, saying humans are motivated by their need to satisfy a series of hierarchical needs, starting with the most essential first. He thought it important for the advancement of psychology to identify, group, and rank them in terms of priority. While Maslow´s psychological influence may have declined since his death in 1970, his most recognizable legacy is this concept of a ´´hierarchy of needs.´´ It remains highly significant in the fields of strategy, marketing, and management, where it is believed that his ideas can lead to higher productivity if applied to the running of organizations. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Macat.com. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/064329/bk_acx0_064329_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The book discusses different aspects of measurement and assessment including the psychological interview and psychological test along with the role ethics can play among such a process. It is of importance when developing a new measure to incorporate one´s knowledge of statistics. The question of utility in diagnosis arises and of the utility of psychometrics and cultural competence to a test. A career/business assessment occurs along with an assessment of learning disability. An in-depth discussion occurs of the cognitive affective processing system (CAPS). The purpose of book one is to demonstrate the many functions, factors, and implements involved in the process of measurement and assessment. It is the influence of personality characteristics affecting our social and occupational choices. The development of personality characteristics occurs not during one but each developmental stage of the lifespan. This book discusses such theories as those belonging to Erik Erikson, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Sigmund Freud, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, among other theorists. The greatest focus among the book centers on Gordon Allport and Erich Fromm and his humanistic psychoanalysis. Fromm´s thesis is despite mankind being pulled apart from their union among one another by evolution, they continue to possess the power of reason. As ethics can represent an expansion into multiple domains, so too can the code of ethics as set forth by the American Psychological Association (APA). These principles of ethics guide the behavior of practicing psychologists among their profession. This set of ethical principles can act as a guide of behavior for individuals within multiple facets of life. The major principles to the Code of Ethics involve avoiding harm, practicing fairness, avoiding misrepresentation, providing fair access to treatment, and respecting the value and worth of all. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Steven G. Carley. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/033215/bk_acx0_033215_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
After reviewing our practical and theoretical research, and focusing on Jung´s theory as to the influence of the collective unconscious on individual human psyche, it would be essential to examine this issue from the standpoint of the psychology of individual distinctions. All suppositions presented here have brought us to a better understanding of contents of the unconscious sphere of human psyche. Even if we were to accept Jung´s theory of ´´dividing human psyche´´, we think it would be one´s personal unconscious, which contains very definite individual structure or system meant to define his personal psychological and physiological characteristics because the unconscious sphere of the psyche directly controls many physiological reactions. Personal unconscious should be able to tell everything of one´s personality by examining it not through collective values, but in the light of its individual archetypes. It should be able to explain everything about a person with respect to his individual perception of the world and of himself, his purpose, his behavior both in social and natural environments, his strategies and tactics, his way of thinking, his unconscious motivations, his needs, emotions, inclinations, preferences, meaning of his existence, etc. It is obvious that without finding individual archetypal patterns as the basis for human personality, solving any individual or social-collective problems would not be possible since any society consists of individuals, who constantly affect one another. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jose Gabriel Ramos Arteaga. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/087907/bk_acx0_087907_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Cougar is a slang term that refers to a woman who seeks sexual relations with considerably younger men. This book deals with the dynamics and motivations of older women who seduce younger men, as portrayed in six classical films. Nearly everyone is familiar with the classic film The Graduate, in which Anne Bancroft, as the famous Mrs. Robinson, seduces the recent college graduate Benjamin, played by Dustin Hoffman. The film has become part of our culture and has been immortalized by the Simon and Garfunkel song that plays throughout the film. Because I am a child and adult psychiatrist and child and adult psychoanalyst, I´ll use psychodynamic concepts to explain these fascinating liaisons. Hopefully an understanding of psychoanalytic developmental theory in the young adult and midlife development of women and a discussion of psychoanalytic thinking on the similarities between puberty and menopause will provide a theoretical framework for a deeper understanding of the seductive women´s motivations. I´ve chosen to focus on women rather than men because the theme is less explored in film and in the psychodynamic literature. The six films to be discussed are as follows: The Graduate (1968), Tea and Sympathy (1956), Summer of ´42 (1971), The Reader (2008), The Last Picture Show (1971), and Y Tu Mama Tambien (2001). Similar material on three of the six films was previously presented in my article published in 2014 in the American Journal of Psychoanalysis, entitled ´´Why Mrs. Robinson? The Seduction of Teenage Boys by Women in Classic Films´´. I´ve included a bibliography at the end of the book to provide references for listeners who wish to explore the subject further. This book is divided into three sections. I´ll begin by briefly discussing some of the major developmental and dynamic themes and tasks that are at the core of female development in adulthood. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Ken Maxon. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/040062/bk_acx0_040062_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
From the moment it was published, The Psychology of Self-Esteem was recognized as a groundbreaking book that challenged and shook the very foundations of psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Dr. Branden´s philosophy broke radically with the ´´mainstream´´ contemporary psychology of the time and set a new course for our studies and understanding of ourselves and our deepest natures. The genius of this benchmark work continues to shine through today, and its message continues to be of critical importance as we enter the 21st century. The Psychology of Self-Esteem presents a brilliant concept of the intertwining of human nature, mental health and illness, and the conditions necessary for the achievement of mental well-being. Here is the work that provided the genesis for so many concepts that today we take for granted. Here is an accessible, clear explanation of the true meaning of self-esteem, the relation of reason and emotion, the nature of free will, and the powerful impact of self-esteem on motivation, work, friendship, sex, and romantic love. This classic work is fresh, contemporary, and as vital and powerful as the day it was written. It remains a revolutionary contribution to man´s understanding of himself. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Nathaniel Branden. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/aren/000209/bk_aren_000209_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.